Madagascar has a unique fauna. Some animal species are native only to the island of Madagascar.
Madagascar is home to around 120 different mammal species. 100 of them alone are to be found in the suborder of lemurs. The lemurs are one of the best-known animals on the island.
Among the most exotic reptiles are the chameleons, of which there are more than 80 endemic species in Madagascar. It is particularly alarming that almost 40 percent of the reptiles living there are currently threatened with extinction. In recent decades, large parts of the rainforest have had to give way to villages, towns and plantations. Today, only about 10 percent of the original rainforest remains.